Scottish independence – another referendum on the horizon? The outcome of the EU referendum brought the issue of how Scotland should be governed. Scotland must hold another independence referendum in and will soon request the powers needed to hold it legally, Scottish National Party (SNP) leader. Scotland did not back the UK's vote to leave the EU in the recent Brexit referendum, but what options does Scotland now have? Schottland hat beim.
Local resultsEnglisch betrifft uns 2| // After the Brexit Referendum //. Ute Ritzenhofen. What Next for Scotland? Schottland nach der Brexit-Entscheidung. (Sekundarstufe. Local results for areas beginning with A in the EU Referendum from BBC News. Die Unabhängigkeit Schottlands vom Vereinigten Königreich ist das Ziel verschiedener politischer Parteien Schottlands. Ein erstes Referendum über die Unabhängigkeit Schottlands fand am wollte die in einer von der Scottish Green Party unterstützten pro Brexit pro EU. Nach dem Brexit-Referendum am
Scotland Referendum Brexit Navigation menu VideoSupport for Scottish independence 'at highest ever level' - ITV News
The CRG believes that the blueprint could be used to resolve the pressing issue, by proposing a federal structure for the continuation of the Union, establishing the principle of self-determination among all four parts.
Talking exclusively to Express. The former Leader of the House of Lords argued that it was the nature of the devolution bills of the late Nineties that led to today's crisis, and not the EU referendum.
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Retrieved 24 November Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 8 February Bibcode : Natur. Legal Week. Ipsos MORI. Retrieved 29 May Following the UK general election, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government would postpone legislation on the proposed second referendum on Scottish independence until at least autumn when it was believed that the outcome of Brexit negotiations would become clearer.
On 25 May , the Scottish National Party published its "Growth Commission" report, which detailed the economics of an independent Scotland when maintaining close alignment to British fiscal policy.
The report, additionally, suggested that an independent Scotland would negotiate a share of the UK national debt, while continuing to use the Pound Sterling as currency for at least a decade.
Scotland would only consider an independent currency, once certain economic goals had been met. Despite not having a separate currency on independence, the report suggested that Scotland would set up a central bank to act as a lender of last resort.
According to the Growth Commission, Scotland would seek an open migration policy to allow for its population to grow.
Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson responded to the report by saying: "For me, the most important issue is making sure our children get a good education.
The first minister used to claim that that was her priority too—how times have changed. It's hard to see how dragging Scotland back down the rabbit hole of a debate on independence is going to improve our schools.
In March , the SNP conference adopted an amendment version of the Growth Commission as party policy on the economics of independence. This amended version established that it is now SNP policy for an independent Scotland to create a new currency at the earliest feasible point of independence to enable fiscal sovereignty, with Pound Sterling being a transitional currency for Scotland.
In April , Sturgeon proposed holding a second referendum before the end of the Scottish Parliamentary session in May The Scottish Government was working on a three-pronged approach to constitutional change:.
The civic campaign group Voices for Scotland launched in April to secure a pro-independence majority in Scotland through societal engagement.
This group was established by the Scottish Independence Convention which is made up of cross-party and grassroots organisations. On the same day as the passing of the Referendums Scotland Act , Nicola Sturgeon officially published the Scottish Government's request to Prime Minister Boris Johnson for the transfer of legal authority to hold an independence referendum.
This request set out the constitutional history of Scotland's place in the United Kingdom and that the Scottish Government would deem either a Section 30 order or an amendment to the Scotland Act as a satisfactory means of transferring the power over independence referendums.
The UK general election resulted in a majority parliament for the Conservatives led by Boris Johnson. The SNP held the position of the third-largest party in the House of Commons, gaining 13 seats from the previous election to a total of The policies of the SNP included a second referendum on Scottish independence next year as well as one on Brexit, removing Trident, and devolution across issues such as employment law, drug policy, and migration.
Nicola Sturgeon , leader of the SNP, said after the election that "it couldn't really be any clearer from the results of this election that Scotland doesn't want a Boris Johnson government, it doesn't want to leave the European Union, and it wants to be able to determine its own future, whatever that future turns out to be.
Nicola Sturgeon's request for a referendum was rejected by the UK government in January The Scottish Parliament passed a motion introduced by the Scottish Government on 29 January to endorse a new independence referendum.
The motion was carried 64 votes to Support for independence reached record levels during While the Scottish Parliament could hold an advisory referendum on the question of independence without the approval of the UK government,  a binding referendum would likely require a section 30 order from the UK government, or an amendment to the Scotland Act by the UK Parliament.
This Act forms the statutory basis for all future referenda being held under Scots Law under the instruction of the Scottish Government.
The current Scottish Government intends to seek a Section 30 order or an amendment to the Scotland Act to ensure that the result of a future referendum can be indisputably binding.
The Bill was passed by the Scottish Parliament on 19 December  and received royal assent on 29 January This includes Scottish Parliamentary elections, local authority elections and referenda under the Scottish Parliament's remit.
This Act extends voting rights to anyone legally resident in Scotland over the age of 16, regardless of nationality or citizenship, and extends voting rights to some prisoners if they have less than 12 months to serve in prison.
This is counter to the voting franchise in the referendum which was limited to British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens resident in Scotland over the age of The Scottish Government advocates that Scotland should be a member of the European Union both as a part of the United Kingdom and as an independent state.
Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. My starting point is to protect our relationship with the EU. Sturgeon also met European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker , who commented that "I will listen carefully to what the first minister will tell me Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said: "[be] very clear Scotland does not have the competence to negotiate with the European Union".
Scotland leaves". Edward believed "Scotland makes quite a good fit with Iceland and Norway", referring to the European Economic Area and the European Free Trade Association , while Scott hinted that Scotland could be a successor state, meaning the rest of the UK would leave but Scotland would retain its seat.
The new UK Prime Minister Theresa May met with Sturgeon on 15 July in Edinburgh , when May stated that she was "willing to listen to options" for Scotland,  although she later stated that some options were "impracticable".
However, it affirmed that Scotland's independence would have to be accepted by the United Kingdom for Scotland to obtain EU membership: "There now seems to be a consensus that, were Scotland to become independent by legal means, it could join the [European] Union".
Without such an opt-out, passport controls may be required between Scotland and the CTA members. With Brexit, such support was due to be ended with a new payment system introduced.
The Scottish Government would be required to negotiate a new settlement on agricultural subsidy and fishing subsidies and regulations with the European Union upon seeking membership.
In the referendum, the Scottish Government had advocated remaining in a currency union with the United Kingdom. This was refuted by the United Kingdom Government and opposition parties as a policy that no party would support in government.
However, the currency would not be adopted until several key economic tests were satisfied, and until then an SNP government would have a policy of Sterlingisation of the Scottish economy and state.
Although the Scottish Government have paused independence referendum planning, the impact of the COVID pandemic on the economy will be present for many years.
In , Scotland exported around three and a half times more to the rest of the UK than to the rest of the EU,  while in , that had increased to around four times more to the rest of the UK than to the rest of the EU.
Responses by politicians to the possibility of a referendum have been both pro-referendum and anti-referendum.
This generally tends to show independence supporters favouring a referendum, with those against independence being against one.
Scottish Greens co-convener Patrick Harvie , on 13 March welcomed the confirmation from the First Minister that she is seeking a Section 30 Order from the UK Government to give the Scottish Parliament temporary power to hold an independence referendum.
The Scottish Independence Convention backs calls for a referendum. As a result, the Convention established Voices for Scotland as a civic campaign for independence based on conversations and discussions of what Scotland could look like.
Alison Evison, President of the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities COSLA and Scottish Labour councillor for Aberdeenshire has stated her support for a referendum on independence, stating "We can strengthen it [democracy] by enabling the voice of Scotland to be heard through its formal processes and that must mean a referendum on independence" .
In November during the lead up to the UK general election , leader of the Conservatives and Prime Minister Boris Johnson stated that a Conservative government would not permit a second independence referendum, vowing to "protect our magnificent union".
Former Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn said in March that a referendum would be "absolutely fine" and that "I don't think it's the job of Westminster or the Labour Party to prevent people holding referenda.
That is what we will do. A spokesperson speaking on behalf of Cameron's successor as Conservative Party Leader and Prime Minister, Theresa May , said in October "The prime minister and the government does not believe that there is a mandate for [a second referendum].
There was one only two years ago. There was an extremely high turnout and there was a resounding result in favour of Scotland remaining in the UK.
Interim Scottish Conservative leader Jackson Carlaw has stated his opposition to a referendum. He has said; "We will not support another independence referendum for a generation.
Which brings us to , when Scotland strongly opposed Brexit in the referendum that has been the source of so many political woes in the U.